11 Espresso Based Coffees to Get in a Coffee Shop

11 Espresso Based Coffees to Get in a Coffee Shop

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Caffè latte, espresso, cappuccino … There are different types of coffee that it is almost a language. That is why in this guide we will explain the differences between 12 espresso-based drinks and how you make them. Our article explains the differences between the most popular espresso drinks. You will no longer be confused when you have to make a choice in your local café.

Types of coffee: What are espresso-based drinks?
Espresso-based drinks are coffees made with an espresso machine and share three commonly used ingredients, namely espresso, steamed milk, and foam. The primary differences between them are the amount of espresso, steamed milk, and foam that is in each drink.
For some types of coffee, you have to add extra top layers to finish the drink, such as chocolate on a cappuccino. But for the most part, all espresso drinks have the same three ingredients.

  1. Espresso (short black)
    The espresso (also called short black) is the basis and the most important part of any espresso-based drink. So much that you can find a lot of articles on the internet about how to make the best espresso shot. To keep focusing on the purpose of this section, however, we will not go into this and only indicate what an espresso is:
    one shot of espresso in an espresso cup

Espresso is the simplest coffee you can get from an espresso maker. It is the base for all other coffee recipes. If you like strong and dark coffee, espresso is that and more.

  1. Double espresso (doppio)
    A double espresso (also called doppio) is precisely what the name indicates, namely two shots of espresso in a cup. That’s why a double espresso consists of:
    2 shots of espresso in an espresso cup
  2. Short macchiato
    A short macchiato is similar to an espresso, but with a layer of steamed milk and foam to soften the strong taste of an espresso. You will discover during your coffee trip that baristas in different countries make a short macchiato different. However, the traditional way to make this drink is as follows:
  • 1 shot of espresso in a short glass or espresso cup
    • A layer of steamed milk and foam on top of the espresso
  1. Long Macchiato
    A long macchiato is the same as a short macchiato, but with a double shot of espresso. The same rule of thirds applies to the traditional recipe for a long macchiato:
    • 2 shots of espresso in a cup or cup
    • A layer of steamed milk and foam on top of the espresso
  2. Ristretto
    A ristretto is an espresso shot that is made with the same quantity of coffee, but half the amount of water. The end result is an extra concentrated and dark espresso. You make this drink as follows:
    Make a standard espresso shot with half less water
  3. Long black (Americano)
    A long black (also called americano) is hot water with an espresso shot poured on top. You make it like this:
    • Fill a cup for 2/3 with hot water
    • Pour a shot of espresso over the hot water
  4. Caffé Latte
    A caffè latte or sometimes latte is an espresso drink with steamed milk, and microfoam added. This coffee is much sweeter compared to an espresso, because of the steamed milk. You make it as follows:
    • Pour a shot of espresso into a glass
    • Add steamed milk
    • Finish 1cm of microfoam on top of the steamed milk
  5. Cappuccino
    cappuccino is very similar to a latte. The big difference between the two drinks is that a cappuccino has more foam and chocolate on top of the drink. A cappuccino is also made in a cup instead of a glass. This is how you make it:
    • Pour one shot of espresso into a cup
    • Add steamed milk
    • Add 2-3 cm of microfoam on top of the steamed milk
    • Sprinkle cocoa or chocolate over the coffee
  6. Flat White
    A flat white is a coffee that you will find mainly in Australia and New Zealand. You make him the same as a cappuccino, only without foam and chocolate. You make the drink like this:
    • 1 shot of espresso in a cup
    • Add steamed milk to the cup, but no microfoam
  7. Mocha
    Mocha is a mix amongst a cappuccino and hot chocolate. You make it by mixing the chocolate powder in an espresso shot and then adding steamed milk and microfoam to the drink. The steps are as follows:
    • Put a shot of espresso in a cup
    • Add a spoonful of chocolate powder to the espresso and mix
    • Add steamed milk
    • Add 2-3 cm of microfoam
    • Sprinkle chocolate powder over the top

11. Affogato
An affogato is a real dessert coffee that is a treat during the summer and after dinner. You make it in a single or double shot of espresso with a large scoop of vanilla ice cream:
• Place one scoop of vanilla ice cream in a small glass
• Pour a single or double shot of espresso over it

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