India is one of world’s leading manufacturers and exporters of immunization. Ironically, it also houses over 1/3rd of the world’s non-vaccinated children. To go further, fewer than 44 percent of India’s young children receive the full schedule of immunizations.
While around 67% of the urban children are fully vaccinated, only 58.5% children in India’s rural population complete full vaccination. Considering that around 68% of the total Indian population are based in rural areas, it reveals that majority of Indian children remain unimmunized to their fullest.
If you are a worried parent looking for your child’s vaccine chart, your search ends here. Below is a parent’s guide to complete their kid’s vaccination after the initial 1 year period.
One year mark:
- Hepatitis A first dose – Caused by the HAV virus, this is a liver infection that can affect children and adults through contaminated food or water containing fecal matter. At first, the disease may show few to no symptoms. Once symptoms start appearing, they can go on for about 8 weeks. Some of the symptoms include abdominal discomfort, jaundice, fever, diarrhea, and giddiness.
As it is also a communicable disease, parents can avoid infection from the HAV virus through immunization.
- PCV or Pneumococcal Conjugate Vaccine (Booster Dose) – Pneumonia causes severe lung inflammation and can even result in fatality. Since children below the age of 2 are vulnerable to pneumococcal diseases like pneumonia, giving a booster dose of PCV at 15 months reinforces protection and makes a solid preventive measure.
- Varicella or Chicken Pox Vaccine – Chicken pox is a highly communicable disease caused by the varicella zoster virus. Although the vaccine doesn’t immunize children against the disease entirely, it significantly reduces the intensity if infected.
15 to 18 months
Measles, Mumps, and Rubella 2 – This is the second dose of MMR vaccine after the first dose during the 9 month period. It prevents all of the 3 diseases with significant effect. Highly infectious measles virus causes rashes and high fever, sore throat etc.
16 to 18 months
DTwP Booster Dose 1 – This booster dose prevent children from getting Diphtheria, Tetanus, and Pertussis. Before this, babies receive the 1st, 2nd, and 3rd dose of this vaccine during their 6, 10, and 14 weeks respectively.
IPV Booster Dose – Similar to the DTwP vaccine, the first 3 normal doses of IPV are injected during the 6th, 10th, and 14th week. And this is the first booster dose of the poliomyelitis vaccine given in 16 – 18 months period.
Hib vaccine – The third booster dose of this period is the Hib vaccine. It works against diseases such as meningitis, epiglottitis, and pneumonia. Babies receive three earlier doses in the 6th, 10th and 14th week.
2nd Hepatitis A Dose – This is the 2nd shot of Hepatitis A.
Typhoid Conjugate Vaccine Booster Dose – Typhoid is a dangerous disease that spreads through contaminated water and food. Doctors prescribe the vaccine for the second time after the 9 to 12 month mark. This vaccine reduces children’s vulnerability towards the typhoid disease.
4 to 6 years
2nd booster dose of the DTwP vaccine
3rd Dose of MMR
2nd Varicella chicken pox dose
3rd Dose of OPV Polio – It immunizes kids against the polio virus that restricts locomotive actions and causes weakness in muscles. This is an oral dose.
9 to 14 years
2 doses of HPV virus, six months apart, for girls only – Protects female children from cervical cancer.
1st dose of Tdap – Prevents Diptheria, Tetanus, and Pertussis is given between 10-12 years of age.
Now that you have got this detailed guide about vaccines and the diseases each of them prevents, why wait more? Make sure your baby completes the vaccination chart in a timely manner .