Call it a case of unintended consequences. Many years ago, the prescribed medication Adderall debuted for the treatment of narcolepsy and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). A stimulant, with amphetamine as the active ingredient, Adderall helped patients who suffer from narcolepsy to stay awake, as well as increased mental focus and endurance for the people diagnosed with ADHD.
While the number of prescriptions for the Adderall stimulus has remained unchanged among young adults, abuse and emergency space missions about the drug have increased dramatically in this group.
The most severe problem of Adderall abuse among older children and adolescents, but new research finds was different. It is mainly 18-to-25-year-old Adderall improperly taking a prescription, essentially becoming the medication of family and friends and without a doctor’s recommendation or prescription.
“The growing problem is among young adults, college, and university students.” “In college, particularly, these drugs are used as a mnemonic medication to help students stay up all night and cram. Our meaning is that a significant proportion of those who use them believe these medications make them smarter and more suitable to study. We must educate this group that there could be serious adverse effects from taking these drugs and we do not know much at all about their long-term health effects. ”
Because of its effectiveness and relatively mild side effects, Adderall quickly became a conventional treatment for ADHD. But as the popularity increased, the use of Adderall also began to spread outside the people it was intended. Today, students without ADHD regularly Adderall as a study aid, to work longer and later than they might be otherwise. In 2009, 5 percent of US high school Adderall students for non-medical reasons, according to the University of Michigan Study-a rate that rose to 7 percent in 2013. A recent analysis of multiple studies estimate is that almost 10 Percent of high school students and 5 to 35 percent of HBO students are abusive to stimulants.
There is no question that Adderall (along with its associated stimulants such as Ritalin) can be tremendously helpful for young adults with ADHD, who otherwise feel overwhelmed by the demands of school work or a first job.
Adderall directly affects the brain’s dopamine level, it can also be habit-forming, particularly when taken on an ad-hoc “as needed” basis, and it can be dangerous. “In too large doses, it has potentially dangerous or even fatal side effects, such as hallucinations, other psychotic symptoms, strokes or heart attacks,”
Even students taking the drug at relatively low doses are still at risk for common side effects, such as loss of appetite and insomnia-both of which may ultimately affect their school work and daily functioning.
Researchers at the University of Michigan study also found a link between the abuse of stimulants and later the abuse of the substance. According to a fresh survey of more than 40,000 individuals, children who started taking stimulant medication for ADHD in primary in schools, there were no more significant risks for later abuse of the substance than the general population. But young people who started with ADHD medications in the middle or high school then were easier to take the drugs without a medical diagnosis-were significantly more likely to abuse other drugs or alcohol in the future.
To use the control of “recreational” Adderall, physicians need better ways of determining exactly those ADHD, and so that will benefit from a medical prescription. “The diagnosis of ADHD can be complicated and sometimes confusing, both to the patient and prescriber,” Symptoms that may resemble ADHD may not be, and people who do not experience the classic symptoms of hyperactivity may still have ADHD but never be diagnosed.
“Adderall is probably both overprescribed-for those who report difficulty concentrating and not ADHD-and under-prescribed, for many people whose symptoms of ADHD are either unknown or un-indicated,”.